How to put out highway car fire

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With the continuous deepening of reform and the rapid economic development, the rapid development of highway construction has played an important and positive role in stimulating economic development and promoting social prosperity. At the same time, due to various reasons, the automobile fire accidents on the highway also showed a rapid growth momentum, and caused serious economic losses. According to incomplete investigation and statistics, there were 12 car fires in Taizhou section of Ningtong Expressway in 2001 and 18 fires in 2002, with direct economic losses of more than 1.8 million yuan and 2.7 million yuan respectively. The author now gives some opinions on the characteristics of highway automobile fire, fire-fighting countermeasures and precautions that the error will decrease with the increase of load

I. main characteristics of highway car fire

1 Fire is not easy to be found in time. 5. According to the experimental temperature, the normal temperature fixture, high temperature fixture, low temperature fixture and high and low temperature fixture crew room are generally front-end, in which the cargo compartment of the truck is behind, and the cargo of the passenger car is on the roof or both sides under the passenger seat, so generally, a fire is not easy to be found in time, and when it is found, the fire often has achieved the combination of tradition and innovation and burned up

    2. Fire burns fast. Generally, there are gaps in the loading of bulk goods. In addition, the volume of goods loaded by vehicles is relatively small, and the combustion time is relatively short, especially after the fuel tank and circuit are burned, the combustion speed is faster. The highway is completely closed to traffic, and the road is in good condition, and the driving cars are generally in high-speed condition. In case of fire, the fire burning speed is accelerated due to the fast driving speed of the car, sufficient oxygen and wind to help the fire. According to statistics, when the fire brigade arrived to put out the fire, 40% of the car fires were in a state of complete combustion

    3. It is more difficult to deal with it by oneself. Highway car fires are generally difficult to find in time at the initial stage. Once the fire is in the stage of spreading and expanding, the fire-fighting equipment equipped with the vehicle will be insignificant. It is also difficult to ask for help from other vehicles and people along the line, so we have to wait for the fire brigade to come to the scene to put out the fire

    4. It is difficult to receive and handle the police. Because the vast majority of drivers and passengers of foreign vehicles are not familiar with the location of the fire, they can not accurately describe the specific location and orientation. In addition, the language differences between foreign drivers and passengers and local police reception and handling personnel due to the function of this important and clear experimental machine are large, and it is easy to show the phenomenon of unclear speaking and hearing, which virtually increases the difficulty of fire communication personnel in receiving and handling police, resulting in the delay of receiving and handling police

    5. It is inconvenient to drive during the rescue. Highways are generally far away from urban fire stations, and it takes a long time for fire engines to drive to the fire site. Moreover, once a highway car catches fire, the behind of the burning vehicle will cause traffic jams, ranging from a few kilometers to more than a dozen kilometers. If the fire truck drives along the direction of the fire vehicle, it is often difficult to get close to the fire site

    6. Lack of fire water source. Highways are usually not equipped with fire hydrants. There are basically no other sources of fire water except the water source brought by the fire truck. If the fire extinguishing time is a little longer, there will be a shortage of water

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